Tanzania is a great ornithological destination. The national checklist of 1,100 bird species is the third-highest in Africa, representing more than 10% of the global avifauna, and a well-planned two-week itinerary is likely to result in a trip list of 300-plus species.
Popular savannah game reserves such as the Serengeti and Selous are no less rewarding for birds than for mammals, and make an ideal introduction to the more conspicuous and widespread species. For more experienced birders, the forested Eastern Arc Mountains are the country’s biggest attraction, since they harbour a high proportion of the 35-odd endemics whose range is limited to Tanzania.
Birding is good throughout the year, but the prime season is Sept-April, when resident populations are boosted by the many Palaearctic migrants that spend the northern hemisphere winter in Africa. The European winter also broadly coincides with East Africa’s rainy season, when several resident species undergo an ‘ugly duckling’ transformation from drab brown to bright breeding colours.
Ostriches, Kori bustard, Southern ground horn bill, Secretary bird, helmeted guinea fowl, Francolins.
Pelicans, Flamingos, Herons & egrets, storks, ibises & spoonbills, cranes esp. crowned crane, hamerkop, jacanas, cormorants & darters, skimmers, lapwings & waders, Moorhens, water fowls.
Eagle, Vultures, Kites, Falcons, Buzzards. Kestrels, Ospreys, Goshawks,
Hornbills, Turacos & go – away birds, Plantain eaters, Crows, Rollers, Coucals, Starlings, Oxpeckers, Bulbuls, African Drongo, Flycatchers, Thrushes & Chats, wagtails, shrikes, Boubous, Widows birds & Bishops, Love birds & Parrots, Doves & Pigeons, Cuckoos, Hoopoes, king Fishers, Bee- eaters, Barbets, Mouse birds, Trogons, Woodpeckers, Honey guides, Swallows & Swifts, Tinkerbirds, Orioles, Cisticolas, Pipits & Longclaws, Sunbirds, Weavers & queleas,Whydas, Waxbills & Firefinches, Seedeaters & Manninkins,